Saturday, September 19, 2009

How To: Configure Data Guard Broker

Configuring Data Guard Broker:
NOTE: You should have your physical standby already setup.
How to Setup Data Guard

1.) Check parameter DG_BROKER_START on primary:
SQL> show parameter DG_BROKER_START

NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
dg_broker_start boolean FALSE

2.) Set DG_BROKER_START to true on primary:
SQL> alter system set DG_BROKER_START=true scope=both;

System altered.

3.)Check DG_BROKER_START on standby side:
SQL> show parameter DG_BROKER_START

NAME TYPE VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
dg_broker_start boolean FALSE

4.) Set DG_BROKER_START to true on standby:
SQL> alter system set DG_BROKER_START=true scope=both;

System altered.

5.) Define a service for the listener that includes the db_unique_name_DGMGRL.db_domain values for the GLOBAL_DBNAME:

Update the listener.ora file on primary and standby
SID_LIST_LISTENER =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = orcl.abc.com)
(ORACLE_HOME = /opt/app/oracle/10.2)
(SID_NAME = orcl)
)
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = orcl_DGMGRL.abc.com) -->_DGMGRL.
(ORACLE_HOME = /opt/app/oracle/10.2)
(SID_NAME = orcl)
)
)

6.) Now to create the data guard broker configurations:

[oracle@APP3 admin]$ dgmgrl
DGMGRL for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

Copyright (c) 2000, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Welcome to DGMGRL, type "help" for information.
DGMGRL> connect sys/oracle
Connected.
DGMGRL> create configuration 'DBTEST'
> as primary database is 'orcl'
> connect identifier is orcl;
Configuration "DBTEST" created with primary database "orcl"
DGMGRL>

DGMGRL> show configuration

Configuration
Name: DBTEST
Enabled: NO
Protection Mode: MaxPerformance
Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED
Databases:
orcl - Primary database

Current status for "DBTEST":
DISABLED

DGMGRL>

7.) Now add standby DB to the data broker configuration:

DGMGRL> add database 'orcl1' as
> connect identifier is orcl1
> maintained as physical;
Database "orcl1" added
DGMGRL>
DGMGRL> show configuration

Configuration
Name: DBTEST
Enabled: NO
Protection Mode: MaxPerformance
Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED
Databases:
orcl - Primary database
orcl1 - Physical standby database

Current status for "DBTEST":
DISABLED

8.) Now enable the configurations:
DGMGRL> enable configuration
Enabled.
DGMGRL> show configuration

Configuration
Name: DBTEST
Enabled: YES
Protection Mode: MaxPerformance
Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED
Databases:
orcl - Primary database
orcl1 - Physical standby database

Current status for "DBTEST":
Warning: ORA-16607: one or more databases have failed


DGMGRL> show database verbose orcl1

Database
Name: orcl1
Role: PHYSICAL STANDBY
Enabled: YES
Intended State: ONLINE
Instance(s):
orcl

Properties:
InitialConnectIdentifier = 'orcl1'
ObserverConnectIdentifier = ''
LogXptMode = 'ARCH'
Dependency = ''
DelayMins = '0'
Binding = 'OPTIONAL'
MaxFailure = '0'
MaxConnections = '1'
ReopenSecs = '300'
NetTimeout = '180'
LogShipping = 'ON'
PreferredApplyInstance = ''
ApplyInstanceTimeout = '0'
ApplyParallel = 'AUTO'
StandbyFileManagement = 'MANUAL'
ArchiveLagTarget = '0'
LogArchiveMaxProcesses = '3'
LogArchiveMinSucceedDest = '1'
DbFileNameConvert = '/opt/app/oracle/oradata/orcl, /home/oracle/oradata/orcl'
LogFileNameConvert = '/opt/app/oracle/oradata/orcl, /home/oracle/oradata/orcl, /opt/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/orcl/onlinelog, /home/oracle/oradata/flash_recovery_area/orcl'
FastStartFailoverTarget = ''
StatusReport = '(monitor)'
InconsistentProperties = '(monitor)'
InconsistentLogXptProps = '(monitor)'
SendQEntries = '(monitor)'
LogXptStatus = '(monitor)'
RecvQEntries = '(monitor)'
HostName = 'wrpws'
SidName = 'orcl'
LocalListenerAddress = '(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=wrpws)(PORT=1521))'
StandbyArchiveLocation = '/home/oracle/oradata/orcl/archive'
AlternateLocation = ''
LogArchiveTrace = '0'
LogArchiveFormat = '%t_%s_%r.arc'
LatestLog = '(monitor)'
TopWaitEvents = '(monitor)'

Current status for "orcl1":
Error: ORA-12545: Connect failed because target host or object does not exist


DGMGRL>

Well the problem in my case was that the hostname was not getting resolved. I added the hostname to the host file and it started working.

After this error I got error:
Current status for "orcl1":
Error: ORA-16664: unable to receive the result from a remote database

Well same problem, communication between the 2 database. Make sure that the /etc/hosts files have entries of all other servers, with name and IP address.
Always review the log_archive_dest_2 parameter, to have the right entries and service is accessible.

DGMGRL> enable configuration
Enabled.
DGMGRL> show configuration

Configuration
Name: DBTEST
Enabled: YES
Protection Mode: MaxPerformance
Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED
Databases:
orcl - Primary database
orcl1 - Physical standby database

Current status for "DBTEST":
SUCCESS

DGMGRL>

This should setup Data Guard Broker.

COMMANDS Available in DGMGRL:

DGMGRL> help

The following commands are available:

add Add a standby database to the broker configuration
connect Connect to an Oracle instance
create Create a broker configuration
disable Disable a configuration, a database, or Fast-Start Failover
edit Edit a configuration, database, or instance
enable Enable a configuration, a database, or Fast-Start Failover
exit Exit the program
failover Change a standby database to be the primary database
help Display description and syntax for a command
quit Exit the program
reinstate Change a disabled database into a viable standby database
rem Comment to be ignored by DGMGRL
remove Remove a configuration, database, or instance
show Display information about a configuration, database, or instance
shutdown Shutdown a currently running Oracle instance
start Start Fast-Start Failover observer
startup Start an Oracle database instance
stop Stop Fast-Start Failover observer
switchover Switch roles between the primary database and a standby database

Use "help " to see syntax for individual commands

6 Comments:

BI_PM said...

I was impressed by your notes on Dataguard broker. I have a question.
I have set up my basic dataguard on AIX and logs are getting applied fine.
I have done all the prereq steps on setting up the broker parms and listener changes.
When I type DGMGRL and then try issuing commands such as CONNECT or CREATE, the CLI gives me an error :
Unrecognized command "create", try "help"
Similar message for “create”
I cannot gracefully exit out of DGMGRL, without terminating my entire session.

Any suggestions will be useful.

Regards
Vikas
You can reach me directly at bagga.vikas@gmail.com

Also I see you like a lot of adventures. One of my passions too.

Apun Hiran said...

Hello Vikas,
Well I am working on Linux. I did not come across such an error. You can try:
dgmgrl sys/password@primary DB
at the unix prompt. Please also check the LD_LIBRARY_PATH, LIBPATH in AIX. Hopefully this works.
Regards
Apun

Pascal said...

Hello

What is the benefit of using dataguard broker?

Anonymous said...

Using the broker makes it so much easier to switch roles. I've been using Oracle Standby databases since inception and this is as simple as "switchover to standby" even in rac, its very sweet.

Joe Testa

Erika said...

I like this!! I've had lots of trouble configuring the DG Broker on a Primary RAC - single instance Standby.. So tricky! But at the end it's worth it :D

Muhammad Abdul Halim said...

very nice and well organized.

Regards
Muhammad Abdul Halim
http://halimdba.blogspot.com

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